The Old Folks are Alright

My parents lived in a retirement community if Florida for about 25 years.

When they moved in they were in their early 70s and were the new kids down the block.

The Old Folks are Alright

When they bought their home the old folks were in their 80s and 90s. People who were WWII vets and who endured the Great Depression: The Greatest Generation.

These folks were in their sunset years. Many dealing with issues of old age but still enjoying life.

When there were social events at the club house these people would show up. The music was mostly Big Band and Swing music from the 40s along with country music probably through the 70s and 80s.

My parents grew up with that music and listened to that music on the radio, so that was fine.

For many years my parents went to most of the social events at the club house and visited with friends in the park.

My parents generation and the ones that came before them were joiners.

Before there was TV or the internet, people had to go out to socialize.

In the old days all of the civic clubs were much more popular than they are now. It’s hard to get people to even join the VFW these days.

When I was a kid my dad belonged to several sports leagues or clubs at work. My mother bowled and belonged to several organizations in town.

We are the Old Folks Now

Inevitably my parents became “the old folks” in the park..

About two years before my Dad died, I was visiting them and had to go to the club house to use the Wi-Fi.

As I sat in the card room I could hear people in The Hall setting up for a social event that evening.

By now my folks were in the mid 80s and had stopped attending most get-togethers at the club house. They didn’t have the energy and most of their friends had died.

As I sat there going through work email, I began to notice the music.

I was tapping my foot and humming along.

They were playing The Grateful Dead and The Rolling Stones!

That’s when I realized that my parents had become the old folks in the park. It really hit me that there had been a generational change in the park.

It is a 55+ community and younger people had discovered the park as a relatively inexpensive place to live. These people went to work every morning. Some of them were my age!

And the 70 year old folks living in the park were flower children! They were the same age as members of The Grateful Dead and The Stones.

They didn’t want to listen to Benny Goodman, they wanna rock! They grew up in the 50s and 60s.

One time I was out for a run around the park and I swear I could smell pot!

I had to laugh.

Old Age is a Relative Term

As I watched my parents move into their 80s and closer to 90 I saw the slow decline. Over time my siblings and I increasingly took care of things.

As technology became more prevalent in everyday life they managed to keep up with some things. But they were about as far from being digital natives as you could get. So we guided them as best we could.

As we became more involved in helping them I began to see their age as old. All of their frailties and health issues began to define old age to me.

But people who are 70 or 80 are also old, it’s just that most of them are more able than people in their late 80s. But they are less able than people in their 60s.

And when my parents were in their 70s they didn’t feel old even with their health issues. The people 5-10 years older were old or people who were dieing or dealing with major health issues were old.

Now the old folks are listening to rock and roll and smoking weed. Some of them served in Vietnam but they are not “The Greatest Generation”. They are the leading edge of the Baby Boomers.

Is 50 the new 30?

What ever age you are, the people 10-20 years older are old.

When I was 30, 50 seemed old but not OLD. Sixty seemed old.

Now that I am almost 58, sixty seems kind of young.

I definitely do not feel 30 anymore and it’s getting harder to convince my self that I am still young. I’m pretty comfortable with the reality that I am in the middle of middle-age. There’s no denying that!

As an old friend used to say “Facts is facts!”.

Having seen my parents age and die, I’ve come to realize that 10 years from now I will look back on a younger me. The me sitting here typing away right now.

No matter how old you are, in 10 years you will wish you could be that age again.

Think of the mistakes you could avoid and the things you could have done if you had only realized the older you wouldn’t be able to do them in the future.

Looking Through Time

So I have seen the end. Twice.

As my dad used to say, life is about taking a series of fall back positions. As you loose the ability to do something you do something else. Or you deal with your illness and the infirmnety that comes with it.

You just deal.

So I know that 10 years from now I may not be able to run marathons, or run at all. With that in mind I need to take better care of my self.

In 20 years I may have problems walking and going to Europe and seeing the sights may not be a possibility.

Over the years many of us add on the pounds like rings on a tree. They come with each year.

If I don’t adjust my diet and maintain my fitness, eventually I’ll look like most of the old men in America. Then I will really feel old.

Age comes to us effortlessly and the days pass by swiftly.

It is up to each of us to do our part to see that next day pass and make sure that as old folks, all of us are alright.

Live Well my Friends!


August 8 Check In

I’ve edited and updated some evergreen posts such as the New England Marathons Fall 2021. A directory of New England Marathons requires regular updates, even in a normal year.

But I haven’t been running or racing much these past few months.

The mid-summer Check In

So here’s a recap of the past few months.

Running Check In

I’ve had Achilles tendonitis since November of 2020.

Throughout 2020 I had been running three times a week. My long runs were often half-marathon or longer and I was feeling pretty good.

In November I ran three legs of a relay race and during the last two miles I could tell that something was wrong.

Any runner will tell you that it’s not unusual for something to hurt during a run. Even if it’s just a few miles.

This race was a little over 14 miles.

Over the next four months I spent a lot of time on the couch with my ankle on a pillow with an ice pack waiting for things to get better.

I also ran short runs in the neighborhood just to try and keep something going.

This managed to knock back the discomfort back 10%, but I was in no condition for Spring Training.

Finally in March I went to an Orthopedist. He looked at my x-rays, did some poking, twisting, turning and applied pressure.

The good news was that nothing was broken. The bad news was that I had a classic case of achilles tendonitis.

He gave me a 24-hour NSAID, told me to rest more and ice at least four times a day. If nothing improved in the next month or so I could come back and get fitted for a boot.

I did everything he said and even stopped running for all of May.

In June I tried to get back to running with short runs around the neighborhood. I even ran the virtual BAA 10K.

While my pain had decreased maybe another 10% the 10K confirmed that I was not ready to get back to training.

I called to make an appointment for The Boot. I was gonna be a Storm Trooper!

Instead, my original ortho had me talk to an ortho who specialized in runners. We are a special breed! ?

For this appointment I got to do a tele-health visit on my phone.

I know that some people don’t like these but I loved the convenience. Since I had already been physically examined there was no need to go into an office.

Doctor’s Orders

On top of being a nice guy, this Doc knew how to talk to a runner.

Right at the beginning of the call he said that “we both want the same thing and that is to get you out running again.” How could I disagree with that?

He said no running or long walks for the next 6-8 weeks and to go see a physical therapist. He knew the PT practice I use and gave me a referral.

I’ve been to PT about 8 times since mid July.

My PT Doc gave me four exercises to do at home, which I thought was great. Previously I’ve been sent home with pages of things to do. Does anyone get past the first page?

My ankles are still tight when I wake up in the morning but seem to be getting better.

Better yet, last weekend I noticed that I could fly up and down stairs without pain! Mid-flight I realized I was going down the stairs strait and nothing hurt!

I told my PT about this and that there is a 5K coming up on the 14th. But she looked at me and said “you could run it but it will probably set you back.”

That’s all I needed to hear. I’ve been dealing with this for eight months, so when the doctor said she wouldn’t advise it in so many words, I listened.

Instead of saying no she just told me what would happen. Pretty smart!

Following Doctor’s Orders

My Ortho told me not to run or go for long walks. So I haven’t even gone for a hike in the woods or to the beach.

I’ve even impressed my self with how well I’m following my PT plan.

Every day I do the entire plan and sometimes I do a bit more. Just like running, it’s important not to over do it. So I only do some of the routine several times.

All of this has pretty much trashed my summer, but what can I do?

I want to run again and not be in pain every day.

It’s a small price to pay even if it is a few more months.

About 10 years ago I had what I thought was bursitis in my left hip. It lasted for about three years and I thought my marathon running was over.

I kept to short runs and settled into the idea of running just for fitness.

But eventually it went away on it’s own and hasn’t bothered me since.

If something like that can get better, so can this.

How to Avoid Recycling

Too busy to recycle? Skeptical of the whole recycling thing? Here are a few handy tips to help you avoid recycling.

Originally published September 9th, 2019. Updated April 17th, 2021.

Most Americans recycle but many still prefer to avoid recycling.

For some people it takes too much effort to sort items or separate trash from recyclables.

Some areas require the separation of paper, glass, metals, etc. into separate bins or bags.

Many cities and towns have gone to “single stream” recycling. This allows people to put all recycle items into a single bin.

While this is the easiest way to recycle, some people still can’t or wont recycle.

Some areas do not have recycling programs at all. I don’t have the numbers, but I think this is becoming less common.

Some people are philosophically averse to the whole idea of recycling.

Recycling Today

Recycling is not a new concept and has been used in agriculture for eons.

During World War II my mother told me they recycled everything, as her mother did during WWI.

An EPA fact sheet1 released in 2016 shows that 34.6% of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) was recycled or composted in 2014.

While this is up from single digits as late as 1980, it still means that almost two-thirds of our MSW is land-filled or incinerated.

This report does not address how much of our trash ends up in the environment.

It would be great if we could recycle 100% of our MSW, but even 50% seems a lofty goal.

We have seen in the news how several countries that used to accept plastic and electronics for recycling no longer do so.

In Massachusetts the only glass recycling facility recently shut down due to lack of demand. With more microbreweries using cans instead of bottles, no one needs all of that glass.

With persistently low recycling rates and increasing difficulty processing these materials, it seems that the best option is to avoid recycling.

Check out this article for a global perspective on recycling.

How to Avoid Recycling

How do we create less trash and recyclable materials in our daily lives?

And how to do this without putting much effort into it?

Even if you are an enthusiastic recycler, not all materials can be recycled. Many items that are recycled still leave waste that cannot be re-used.

Here are a few ways that you can make a difference.

How to avoid recycling at work

If my workplace is typical, I’d say most people are avoiding recycling already. But not in a good way.

I work in Cambridge, MA also know as “The Republic of Cambridge.” While the citizens of Cambridge may be good recyclers, I’m dubious of the efforts of the people who own the building I work in.

Let me note that our building is “LEED Certified”2

While the building owners have clearly labeled some barrels for trash and some for recycling, that seems to be all that they do.

Most of my colleagues can’t tell the difference between the clearly labeled recycle and trash barrels. I see trash in the recycle bin and recyclables in the trash daily.

The people I work with are highly intelligent. If the building owners made some effort at education I have no doubt that my colleagues would catch on quickly.

I see the same thing at races. Most races recycle nothing. When they do have separate barrels, most runners can’t tell the difference. Or don’t care.

Runners recycle,recycle anything

A few years ago one race hired a company to provide barrels for trash, recycle and compost.

Even with someone stationed at each disposal location, people still asked questions. Others tossed their banana peels into the recycle bin and wandered off.

Much like the people I work with, the runner demographic tends to be college educated and earn above median incomes. People who should know better.

What can we do at work?

The first thing is to actually use the correct barrels to dispose of your trash. Very little effort is required to make this change. That’s not avoiding recycling, but it is common sense.

Second, bring your own utensils.

cup, glass and utensils; recycling My company actually gave all employees a ceramic coffee mug several years ago, but still people use paper cups.

You can bring your own coffee mug to work. Most of us have more than we can use at home.

If you work 200 days a year and have two cups of coffee a day, that is 400 cups a year. Most of us drink more coffee than that, so our impact may be even greater.

If 500 people in my building did this, we would save 200,000 cups a year. And that’s only two cups per day.

You can bring a drinking glass to work.

Besides coffee, most of us have several glasses of water at work, or we grab a bottle of something out of the vending machine.

If 500 people switched to a re-usable glass, we could avoid recycling 200,000 cups and plastic bottles each year. Probably more than that.

Plastic utensils. Most of us use a plastic fork or spoon at least once a day at work. Some people use a plastic spoon each time they get a cup of coffee. Some people use a plastic straw or wooden stir stick.

Either way, all of these items end up in the trash after a few seconds of use.

If on average each person uses 4 plastic utensils per day, 200 days a year and 500 people switched to real silverware we could avoid recycling:

4x200x500 = 400,000 single use plastic utensils annually.

Here is the simple solution for work: bring your own drinking glass, coffee mug and eating utensils.

Individually these may seem like small changes, and they are. But they require no special effort and over time they will make a difference.

The next time you go to the grocery store look for a 400 pack of paper coffee cups, plastic cups and a box of 400 eating utensils. These are not small packages.

Things we can do at home

The vast majority of our waste is created at home. Think of all of the food packaging you throw away every day, and packaging of all kinds. How many single use items do you throw away everyday at home?

It’s difficult to reduce the amount of packaging we bring home. That’s how our food and other items are sold to us.

I for one do not want to bring home meat in a paper bag. Prices would go up if we had the butcher wrap our purchase in paper like they did in the old days. And the food probably would not stay fresh as long either.

The only way to avoid recycling here is to buy less or look for products that use less packaging.

A friend commented that his wife saves the plastic bags you get in the fruit and veggie section of the grocery store. She puts the food away and puts those plastic bags back into her re-usable shopping bags.

This got me thinking that we could avoid those bags all together by just putting the food into the shopping bags.

Some grocery stores provide hand held scanners. As you select your items you scan them, put them in your bag and avoid the store’s plastic bags.

Re-usable bags seem to be the easiest way to avoid recycling here. I recently listened to an NPR broadcast where the guest said you need to use those nylon shopping bags 20,000 times to make their carbon foot print equivalent to the foot print of those throw away bags.

But I’m talking about reducing your recycling burden. Carbon foot print is another article.

Composting If you have space in your yard, composting is easy and sanitary. You can find all kinds of information on how to compost on the internet, so I won’t go into that.

Here is a good article on how to get started with composting.

Some argue that it is better to use a commercial composting facility as they collect the methane produced by compost. If your town has a commercial composting facility or collects gas from the land fill, that’s great.

In Eastern Massachusetts, all of our trash goes to an incinerator.

Gardening Again, if you have space gardening can be fun and help you avoid recycling. If the food comes out of the ground in your back yard, there isn’t any packaging to recycle. You can use your compost to build up the soil in your garden, so you don’t have to worry about disposing of your compost.

You can even use some household items in the garden. Seedlings can be started in yogurt cups.

Re-use or Upcycling is another option. Upcycling is the process of reusing waste materials without breaking them down into their base state to create a product of higher value or quality.

Check out this interesting article on recycling versus upcycling on an industrial scale.

Glassware Most of us have more glasses and mugs than we can possibly use. If you are starting out and need these items go to a yard sale. You can pick up glasses for a five or ten cents.

We use some jelly jars for water glasses. They look fancy and then we don’t have to recycle them.

Take-out Containers Americans are eating out and ordering in more than ever. Most take-out containers end up in the trash. Most cannot be recycled or have no economic value to the recycling company.

So what to do? When we get sturdy plastic containers we use them to store left overs. They are food-grade containers so why not use them to store food?

We also use them to collect our composting materials. Compost can make your Tupperware containers groady over time. If a take out container gets groady, no big deal.

They may not last as long as Tupperware, but we get multiple uses out of them and we avoid buying more containers.

You can also tell a restaurant that you don’t need plastic cutlery and packets of ketchup with your takeout order.

Some restaurants allow you to bring your own containers and some coffee shops let you use a re-usable mug.

How do you Avoid Recycling?

So here are a few of my ideas on how to avoid recycling.

Do you recycle?

Do you have any ideas that you’d like to share?

Recycle well my Friends,





Stir Crazy After All These Weeks

Is anyone else getting the itch to go back to work in an office? Feeling stir crazy after all these weeks?

I know, it seems crazy right? But what isn’t these days?

Working from home is a great convenience. But it feels like a limbo between retirement and work.

My schedule is much more flexible and I don’t have to get up as early. But my days are just as long, if not longer.

I’m still working and still getting paid. I know, I’m one of the lucky ones.

So many people are writing about how they are cleaning their house top to bottom or taking up Fender on their offer of free guitar lessons.

I’m freaking working here!

My days are just as long just sans the commute. By the end of the day I’m tired just like before.

There seems to be an expectation that we all have time to renew, rejuvenate or reinvent ourselves. I guess that’s what you do when you retire?

I’ve got work to do and people who rely on me to get it done.

I don’t have time for guitar lessons!

The Office

twitter lists,social media,Stir Crazy I don’t miss the morning foot race to get out the door before traffic gets crazy. But I miss the routine and my colleagues.

I work with a great team and we manage to have some fun throughout the day. It’s not all work all day.

When I get into the office around 7:30 I have my routine. By the time everyone else shows up, I’ve cleared my email and had a coffee or two. I’m ready to roll.

Bring on the day!

Working From Home

July 2020 Run Down, COVID Hair Working from home has it’s advantages, no doubt. I can roll out of bed 30 minutes before my work day officially begins, there’s no commute to tress me out and piss me off. And I can shower whenever I want.

In the office I have two large hi-res screens and all of my stuff is there. I have a great work space where I can stretch out. Sometimes having a print out of an email or a report is better than having it on screen. I only have two screens after all.

At home I have taken over the dinning room. I have my work laptop and an old Compaq 20″ LCD display. I still have two screens but both are smaller than what I use in the office.

I’m also sitting in a strait back dining room chair. It’s solid cherry which gets a little tough on the ass after five or six hours. No cushion, no recline and it doesn’t rock. I’m a rocker, what can I say?

I’ve discovered that my office eating and hydration habits seem to be triggered by what goes on in the office.

Make a call, have a drink. If it was beer I’d be hammered by 10AM.

Every day is to today

While working from home has many advantages there are also disadvantages.

The days begin shortly after I wake up weather that’s 5AM or 8AM.

Sometimes I forget to eat lunch and sometimes I make a second pot of coffee.

I can check email on my phone and do so seven days a week. So essentially, I’m working seven days a week.

But I also get to deal with contractors coming to the house and getting my daughter to work and off the trains.

So while the days are 10 to 12 hours, I do get to do other things during the day.

But since I work everyday and get other stuff done every day, every day seems like today. The days of the week have less meaning.

I guess this is kind of what it’s like to be retired. Every day is today. What do you want to do?

One of the lucky ones

I realize that I am one of the lucky ones. I have a job and I’m able to work from home.

There are plenty of people who have to go to a workplace every day. They get our food to us, teach our kids, staff our healthcare facilities etc.

You can’t put a bio lab in the basement either. Just not a good idea.

I’m lucky enough to be pulling down a check and have the luxury of feeling cooped up.

I’ve been running more consistently over the past few months. That has helped my state of mind and even provided some limited socializing

I am one of the lucky ones who get to feel stir crazy after all these weeks.

How are you dealing with the new reality?

Run well my Friends,


The COVID Clean out

When common items like tissues and paper towels began to dissapear from store shelves, I rummaged through our draws at home. It’s amazing what I found.

Back in March when all of the lock downs began and store shelves were going bare, I did a bit of a COVID clean out.

We all have half used tubes of sunscreen or hand sanitizer in places we would never expect. It’s not always in the bathroom draw or in a box in a closet with a nice label on it.

My COVID Clean out

What I Think about when I Work from Home, Corona Virus 2020. COVID 19 When items like tissue, paper towels, sanitizer wipes and hand sanitizer were getting scarce, I did a COVID clean out.

In the winter I always stash one of those small packages of tissues in my winter coats.

In the winter you don’t even need a cold for your nose to start running. So it’s always handy to have a package in your coat pocket.

Sure enough, each winter coat had a package of tissues.

Kleenex, tissues, sanitizer wipes At trade shows these little packets of tissues are a common hand out item. It’s a great idea since most of us will hold onto them.

These little packets are great to keep in your luggage or toilet kit, they are a convenient way to always have a tissue with you in the winter.

The packet on the left is from an event in Toronto I attended probably five years ago.

Hand Sanitizer

I wash my hands with soap and water often and I think pretty well.

In the winter this tends to dry out my skin and my knuckles crack and bleed every year. I’ve tried a variety of lotions but it’s just a matter of time.

Hand sanitizers with 60% plus alcohol don’t help with the dry skin problem. So I don’t use them very often.

As part of my COVID clean out I went through every draw in all the bathrooms and the kitchen.

COVID 19, hand sanitizer What you see here is only some of what I found.

We have a large pump bottle and I have several sprays and tubes from various trade shows that I somehow forgot to photograph.

I was surprised at how much stuff we had. We didn’t have enough to get through a prolonged lock down or shortage, but definitely enough for a month or so.

All of us should take this as an opportunity to clean out those draws. You will surprised at what you will find and you may find items that you can use right now.

Stay healthy my Friends,


Tick Management and Control

Ticks have been a menace to humanity for millennia. As tick habitat has rebounded and we have moved further into this habitat the menace to our health has grown.

Last week I watched the webinar “Tick Management and Control” sponsored by the UMass Laboratory of Medical Zoology and UMass Extension.

The presenters were :

Dr. Stephen Rich, Professor of Microbiology and Director of the UMass Laboratory of Medical Zoology, and Dr. Kirby Stafford, Chief Scientist at the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station and CT State Entomologist.

They discussed tick management strategies applicable to landscapes in the Northeast.

What I learned about Tick Management and Control

Management and control is really up to the individual and home owner. In Massachusetts there are mosquito control districts but no municipal or state-wide tick control organizations.

Many areas spray for mosquitoes but none or very few do anything about ticks.

Habitat Management and Control

The best way to control ticks around your home is to reduce habitat for ticks, deer and mice.

ticks, tall grass Ticks like shaded areas that retain moisture. Low cut grass is not good tick habitat but the edge of the woods behind your house or a pile of leaves or yard waste are perfect.

Ticks can survive the winter under leaf litter and snow pack. So removing leaf and brush piles from your yard is important. Keeping areas around doors clear of debris and snow pack will help keep ticks away from your home.

The webinar discusses landscaping ideas to help reduce the tick population in your yard.

Keeping deer out of your yard is very helpful. Deer host infected ticks but do not infect the ticks.

Each adult tick hosted by a deer can lay 2,000 eggs. So you can see that if you have several deer wandering around your yard and each deer drops off just a few ticks, you could have a major tick problem.

Excluding deer from your yard with deer fencing and reducing the amount of food available to them are the most acceptable ways to deal with deer.

Reducing herds through hunting is difficult in populated areas and is controversial to many people.

Treating deer is discussed in the webinar, but this requires a lot of work and can be expensive.

Excluding deer from your yard is the most effective method.

Mice actually carry the viruses that make us sick. Mice like those piles of yard waste, rock walls and other places where they can hide and nest.

Several treatments to kill ticks on mice are discussed, but they can be expensive and not very effective.

Reducing food and habitat are the best ways to control your mouse population.

Personal Protection and Behavior Change

Even if your yard is clear of ticks, the rest of the world is not. In one study the webinar cites, 47% of reported cases were from ticks picked up while playing.

This means kids at parks, in the back yard or even in woods and fields. It’s hard to keep kids out of tick habitat and that is why tick checks, clothes washing and awareness are so important.

The same study reported that 18% of cases were from yard work and 12% from gardening. A full 30% of cases were adults picking up ticks in their own yard.

Only 1% were reported from camping, 7% from hiking and 4% from walking the dog.

While the study may not be 100% accurate, it does illustrate that about half of tick borne diseases are picked up by children playing and about a third are picked up by adults in their own back yards.

Keeping your yard clear of debris and doing tick checks when you or your kids come inside can be very effective in reducing tick borne disease.

Read What Runners need to know about Tick and Mosquito Season.

The UMass webinar discussed pesticides but mostly for your yard.

The most effective pesticides for your yard must be applied by a professional. Studies of essential oils showed limited and inconsistent results.

You can buy permethrin to spray on clothes, or clothing infused with permethrin. This chemical is very effective at killing ticks but needs to be handled carefully.

Never spray it on clothes that someone is wearing and never spray permethrin in an enclosed area like your home. I would be reluctant to expose my children to very much permethrin also.

Before you use this or any other pesticide read the labels thoroughly.

Reducing habitat and using personal protection seem to be the easiest, least expensive and safest things to do.

A tick invasion?

When I was a child I spent a lot of time in the woods and fields of Maine. We worried about black flies, horse flies and sometimes mosquitoes.

These insects were pests but we never worried about getting a disease from them. We never worried about ticks. I saw my first tick in 2019!

The webinar mentions a Swedish naturalist who visited America in the 1700’s. He wrote that the land was beautiful but when ever he sat down he was swarmed by ticks.

In the 1870’s the New York State Entomologist reported that he could not find any ticks during his research.

Dr. Stafford explains the difference was deforestation and over hunting of the deer population. Much land had been cleared for pasture, firewood and building materials into the late 1800’s.

Between loss of habitat and hunting the deer population had plummeted in New York.

I’ve read that at one point almost 90% of Massachusetts was deforested. Today something like 60-70% of Massachusetts is forested land.

With the return of deer habitat and the moist habitat in which ticks flourish, we have had a resurgence in the tick population.

Studies of tick specimens collected in Europe in the 1800’s show that some carried Lyme Disease.

Oldest case of Lyme Disease Dr. Stafford also mentioned that the “Ice Man” who was discovered in the Alps and is estimated to be 5,000 years old showed signs of Lyme Disease.

A Yale School of Medicine study from 2013 shows that the Lyme Disease bacterium existed in North America as long as 60,000 years ago.

Humanity has been dealing with ticks and tick-borne disease for millennia. Lyme disease was only officially discovered in the 1976.

Over the years tick diseases probably killed or debilitated millions of humans, but no one knew what the actual cause was.

Here is the webinar if you would like more details on Tick management and control.